Open Forum with Prof. Dr. Enver Hasani

May 8th, 2013

In the framework of the Open Forum series organized by Epoka University, this week’s guest was the President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Kosovo, Prof. Dr. Enver Hasani, who held a conversation on May 8, 2013, with Epoka University students on "Theories of International Relations in the Kosovo context". During the conversation, Prof. Hasani provided an overview of the endeavours of Kosovo Albanians in years for their civil and national rights and their struggle for independence. He also focused on the political developments in Kosovo as well as on reflections concerning the need for its full independence. In his presentation to students, Prof. Hasani elaborated the necessity of Kosovo’s independence, starting from the demonstrations of 1981, to continue with what he defined as the growth of Serbian nationalism as well as wars in former Yugoslavia, which led to the disintegration of the Yugoslav Federation.

Referring to the 1981 riots in Kosovo, Prof. Hasani emphasised that they represented a legitimate movement, which demanded an equal legal status of Kosovo with the other constituent republics of the Yugoslav Federation, taking into account the fact that after the Serbs and Croats, Albanians constituted the third largest ethnic group in Yugoslavia. Prof. Hasani stated that especially after Tito's death, there was a breach in the balance between the entities of the Federation in favor of Serbia, a process that was accelerated with the coming into power of Slobodan Milosevic characterized by a continuous growth of Serbian nationalism and the systematic denial of the most basic rights of Kosovo Albanians. According to him, the end of the '80s represents an important period in the efforts of Albanians to realise their rights to further continue with their fight for independence, a decade later, as a legitimate right.

Prof. Hasani pointed to the declaration of independence as a necessary, but not sufficient step towards the acceptance of the state as an independent and sovereign legal entity, and in this context, the recognition of independence by other states and international organizations gains a particular relevance. In this framework, the recognition of Kosovo's independence has been mainly carried out by the developed countries of the West and by their allies or countries that are in good relations with Western states. On the other hand, Prof. Hasani mentioned examples of the blocking of decision-making at the Security Council of the United Nations (UN) due to the threat of the use of veto by Russia as in the case of the Bosnian War or during the process for the final solution of Kosovo’s status. Prof. Hasani stated that based on all these examples, it can be said that even though they may facilitate or promote cooperation and coordination between Member States, international institutions often become instruments of Great Powers’ realpolitik, confirming arguments defended by the realist theories of international relations.

In conclusion, Prof. Hasani answered the questions raised by students, and he also thanked the authorities and students of Epoka University for the invitation extended to him.

Prior to the Open Forum, the Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Kosovo, Prof. Dr. Enver Hasani had a meeting with the Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Prof. Dr. Güngör Turan, who thanked this distinguished guest for the visit and acknowledged him with the achievements and successes of Epoka University during the recent years.